Building Construction, Renovation, Maintenance & Advice

PLN Electricity Charges from June 2016

Indonesian Electricity Charges 2016

Indonesian Electricity charges have increased considerably over the past few years. Considerable changes have been made with the progressive removal of subsidies, the removal of the abonement (a fixed charge before you used any electricity) and the removal of stamp duty. In addition prepaid "pulsa" meters have been introduced.

Some time ago the government removed the fixed price charged by Pertamina for petrol and diesel fuel and they allowed the price to fluctuate according to the international price of oil which, as we know, has plummeted over the past couple of years.

PLN have now followed Pertamina’s lead and have linked the price of electricity to the floating price of oil and, as a result, the price of those little electricity is changing on a regular basis.

The cost of Electricity

To understand how much we pay we need to know a couple of things.

Our electricity connection allows us to use up to a certain “flow” of electricity which is determined by multiplying the voltage in volts (V) by the current in amps (A) giving us volt/amps (VA).

In Indonesia our power is supplied at 220 volts so if PLN install a master switch (the blue switch on the front of the meter) that allows us to have an electrical current of 25 amps then our power connection is 220 volts x 25 amps = 5,500 VA. This is our Tariff.

The electrical power we use is measured in watts (W) or in kilowatts (kW), a kilowatt is a thousand watts. Electrons are pretty small and counting them is a little time consuming so we calculate the amount of electricity used by multiplying the amount of electricity flowing in watts (W) by the time it is flowing in hours (h) giving us watt/hours (Wh). Our electricity bills are usually charged per kilowatt hour (kWh - a thousand watts flowing for an hour).

PLN Tariffs June 2016

For June 2016 the price of PLN electricity is as follows:

  • For people on very low tariffs of 450 and 900 VA (Volt Amps) their electricity is subsidised* and they pay on a sliding scale.
  • For people on domestic tariffs R1 (1,300 and 2,000 VA), R2 (3,300 to 5,500 VA) and R3 (6,600 VA and above) the price of electricity is Rp1,364.86 per kWh.
  • For people on business tariff B1 (450 to 5,500 VA) the price has been fixed for the time being (it is not subject to monthly variations) at Rp 1,100 per kWh.
  • For people on business tariff B2 (6,600 to 200,000 VA) the price is also Rp1,364.86 per kWh.
Tariff Power connected VA Cost per kWh Notes
Domestic Tariffs
R1 450 VA 0-30 kWh - Rp169
30-60 kWh - Rp360
> 60 kWh - Rp405
Residential Tariff
Sliding scale
No minimum bill
R1 900 VA 0-30 kWh - Rp169
30-60 kWh - Rp360
> 60 kWh - Rp600
Residential Tariff
Sliding scale
No minimum bill
R1 1,300 VA to 2,200 VA Rp1,364.86 Residential Tariff
Minimum bill applies
R2 3,500 VA to 5,500 VA Rp1,364.86 Residential Tariff
Minimum bill applies
R3 6,600 VA and above Rp1,364.86 Residential Tariff
Minimum bill applies
Business and Industrial Tariffs
B1 450 VA to 5,500 VA Rp1,100 Business Tariff
This price is fixed
B2 6,600 VA to 200 kVA Rp1,364.86 Business Tariff
Minimum Bill Applies
B3 Above 200 kVA K x Rp975.49
kVarh Rp1,049.85
Business Tariff
Penalty for excessive peak loading
I3 Above 200 kVA K x Rp975.49
kVarh Rp 1,049.85
Industrial Tariff
Penalty for excessive peak loading
I4 30,000 kVA and above Rp939.85
kVarh Rp939.85
Industrial Tariff
Government Tariffs
P1 6.600 va - 200 kVA Rp1,364.86  
P2 Above 200 kVA Rp975.49
kVarh Rp 1,049.85
Penalty for excessive peak loading
P3   Rp1,364.86  
L   Rp1,542.63  

 

Minimum Charges

PLN have also introduced a regime of minimum charges for people using the old post paid electricity meters. People on the new prepaid “pulsa” meters do not have to pay a minimum charge. The minimum charge is dependant on the size of the connection and will vary as the price of electricity varies. It is worked out as follows:

If your supply is 450 or 900 VA there is no minimum charge.
If you have prepaid “Pulsa” meter there is no minimum charge.

If your supply is 1,300 VA you will be charged a minimum of 52 kWh ie. 52 x 1,364.86 = Rp 70,973 in June 2016. If your supply is 2,200 VA you will be charged a minimum of 88 kWh and so on. Here are the minimum bills:

Minimum Bills

Power Connected Minimum Use Charged Cost of Minimum kWh Plus Lighting Charge Minimum Bill
450VA       Rp0
900VA       Rp0
1,300VA 52kWh Rp70.973 Rp3,459 Rp74,528
2,200VA 88kWh Rp120,108 Rp6,005 Rp126,113
3,300VA 140kWh Rp191,080 Rp9,554 Rp200,634
4,400VA 176kWh Rp240,215 Rp12,011 Rp252,226
5,500VA 220kWh Rp300,269 Rp15,013 Rp315,283
6,600VA 264kWh Rp360,312 Rp18,016 Rp378,328
7,700VA 308kWh Rp420,377 21,019 Rp441,396
10,600VA 424kWh Rp578,701 Rp28,934 Rp607,618
13,200VA 528kWh Rp720,646 Rp36,032 Rp756,678
16,500VA 660kWh Rp900,808 Rp45,040 Rp945,848
23,000VA 920kWh Rp1,255,671 Rp62,784 Rp1,318,455
33,000VA 1,320kWh Rp1,801,615 Rp90,081 Rp1,891,695

What this minimum charge means, of course, is that if you increase the amount of power to your house then you will be paying a larger minimum bill if for some reason you use little or no electricity such as if you go away and leave the house empty.

Excess Peak Load Charge

You will note that on tariffs B3, I3, I4 and P2 there is a price for KVArh. This is “Baya kelebihan pemakalan daya reaktif”- a penalty charge for excessive power use. If you use more that 85% of your connected power (if you have a 300 kVA connection then anything over 255 kVA is excessive) you will be charged at this higher rate for the power used during the period of excessive use.

Peak and Off Peak pricing

For tariffs B3, I3, I4 and P2 the PLN price schedule allows for charging of electricity at different rates for “peak” and “off peak” periods. This is a common system used in many countries under which electricity is cheaper during “off peak” periods when not many people are using power (usually through the night or at weekends) and more expensive during peak periods.

In fact this system is not in use at the moment - the price of electricity is the same at all times of the day. On your bill these periods are marked WBP (Waktu Beban Puncak - peak load period) and LWBP (Luar Waktu Beban Puncak - outside peak load period)

Street Lighting Charge

Finally we are charged 5% extra on our bill for a street lighting charge.

Example

If we have a supply of 6,600 VA and we have used 500 kWh in the month of June (remember the price may vary from month to month). The minimum use for 6,600 VA is 264 kWh so our bill will be calculated as follows:

500 kWh @ Rp1,364.86 = Rp 682,430
Plus 5% lighting charge = Rp 34,121
Total = Rp 716,551

But if we had only used 150 kWh in the month of June our bill will be:

Minimum charge 264 kWh @ Rp1,364.86 = Rp 360,323
Plus 5% lighting charge = Rp 18,016
Total = Rp 378,248

Copyright © Phil Wilson 2016
This article or any part of it cannot be copied or reproduced without permission from the copyright owner.

5 September 2017 Copyright © Mr Fixit,
Jl Bypass Ngurah Rai, Gg Penyu No 1, Sanur, Bali 80228, Indonesia
Telephone: +62-361-288-789, Fax:+62-361-284-180